What is the automobile suspension system

Jun 1, 2024 | News

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Auto parts are the various units that make up the whole car and a kind of product that serves the car. There are many kinds of auto parts. With the improvement of people’s living standards, people’s consumption of cars is increasing, and the market of auto parts is becoming larger and larger. In recent years, auto parts manufacturers have also developed rapidly.

The quality of auto parts directly affects the performance and safety of the car. Therefore, when choosing auto parts, you should ensure that they meet the relevant standards and specifications and come from reliable suppliers. At the same time, regular replacement and maintenance of auto parts are also important measures to maintain the good performance of the car and extend its service life.

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What is the automobile suspension system

The automobile suspension system is an important part of the car. It is mainly composed of springs and shock absorbers between the body and the tires. It is responsible for supporting the body, improving the ride experience, and adapting to different driving environments to improve the driving stability, comfort and safety of the car.

The suspension system can be divided into passive suspension and active suspension according to its control form; it can be divided into independent suspension and non-independent suspension according to the different steering mechanisms of the car.

Among them, independent suspension is a common choice for modern cars. The wheels on each side are suspended under the frame or body by elastic suspension alone. It has the advantages of light weight, reduced impact, improved wheel ground adhesion, and lower body center of gravity. There are various types of independent suspension, including transverse arm, longitudinal arm, multi-link, candle and McPherson suspension.

The suspension system components mainly include the following key components:

Spring: As the basic component of the suspension system, the spring is responsible for supporting the weight of the vehicle and absorbing road bumps. Common spring types include coil springs and gas springs. The rigidity and design of the spring have a vital impact on the ride comfort and handling stability of the vehicle.

Shock absorber: The shock absorber is located above or below the spring and is used to control the vibration of the spring and reduce the bumps and vibrations of the vehicle during driving. It slows down the bouncing movement of the vehicle through damping and provides a smoother driving experience.

Suspension arm: The suspension arm is an important component connecting the wheel to the frame. It is responsible for supporting the wheel and enabling it to move in the vertical direction. The design and arrangement of suspension arms vary from vehicle to vehicle, and their structure and material selection have a direct impact on the performance of the suspension system.

Suspension bracket: The suspension bracket usually contains shock absorbers and springs, and is a device that integrates multiple suspension system components. It is directly connected to the vehicle’s frame and wheels to provide support and shock absorption.

Anti-roll bar: The anti-roll bar is located between the front and rear suspension systems of the vehicle, and is used to reduce the vehicle’s roll when turning and improve the vehicle’s stability and handling. Especially at high speeds and tight turns, the anti-roll bar can effectively keep the body stable.

Suspension system connectors and rubber bushings: These connectors and bushings are used to connect the various components of the suspension system and reduce the transmission of vibration and noise into the car. They are usually made of durable materials that can withstand the stress and friction of the suspension system when it moves.

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