The Importance Of Proper Suspension Maintenance

Jul 27, 2023 | News

A vehicle’s suspension system is made up of many components working together to provide comfort, handling, and safety. The suspension absorbs shock from the road, keeps the tires in contact with the ground, and provides vehicle control. However, suspension parts are exposed to harsh conditions that can lead to deterioration over time. Regular inspections and timely replacement of worn parts are essential to ensure the suspension continues functioning properly.

suspension parts

The major suspension parts include:

  • Shock absorbers – Dampens the suspension movement to provide a smooth ride. Shocks absorb impact from bumps and dips in the road.
  • Springs – Provides the suspension with flexibility and “bounces back” to its proper position. Leaf springs and coil springs are the most common types.
  • Ball joints – Connects the wheels to the steering knuckles to allow rotation. Ball joints experience high stress from turning and impact loads.
  • Control arms – Attaches to the wheels and frame to locate the suspension and transmit steering forces.
  • Bushings – Allows parts like control arms and tie rods to pivot while isolating noise and vibration. Rubber or polyurethane bushings compress during suspension travel.
  • Strut mounts – Secures struts or shock absorbers to the frame or body.
  • Sway bars – Reduces body roll during cornering by linking the left and right sides of the suspension.

These suspension parts are frequently subjected to corrosion

These suspension parts from China suspension parts supplier, are frequently subjected to corrosion from road salt and moisture, abrasion from friction, and fatigue from continuous cyclic loading. Over time, critical components like shock absorbers lose damping ability, springs weaken, bushings deteriorate, and ball joints wear out.

The symptoms of suspension wear include abnormal noise when driving over bumps, vehicle vibration, roughness, decreased ride quality, pull to one side when braking, uneven treadwear on tires, and missing steering response. The longer these issues persist, the greater the chances of component failure and reduced vehicle control.

Regular suspension inspections are important

Regular suspension inspections should check for fluid leaks, loose fasteners, cracks in rubber parts, and excessive play in ball joints, tie rods, and control arms. For springs, look for corrosion, broken leaves, and sagging. Worn bushings typically appear cracked, collapsed, or lose their round shape. Shocks should bounce back quickly when compressed by hand.

When any worn parts are identified, prompt replacement is recommended to avoid damage to adjacent components. Brakes, wheels and tire alignment will also likely need to be inspected after replacing suspension parts. Reusing old hardware like nuts and bolts is inadvisable as they may have stretched or deformed.

For the best performance and ride quality, vehicle owners should follow the manufacturer’s recommended suspension maintenance schedule. This typically involves inspecting parts at each oil change and replacing wear items like shocks, struts, mounts, bushings and ball joints every 50,000 to 100,000 miles depending on driving conditions. Springs may last the lifetime of the vehicle if not damaged.